GHS Science Courses

  • A gloved hand holds a tie dyed t-shirt. Living Environment Regents

    This course covers the biochemistry, evolutionary history, structure, function, heredity, and ecology of plants & animals. Labs are an integral part of the course with stringent laboratory participation requirements. The final exam in June is the NY State Living Environment Regents.

    • 1 unit/full year
    • Grades 9–12

    Environmental Botany

    This is a two-part course, The Environment and Plant Science.

    In The Environment, the course serves to introduce students to problems in their environment and major concepts of ecology. Issues include air pollution and exotic species of organisms in New York State.

    In Botany, the student learns how to care for plants in the greenhouse and in less controlled environments. The course includes studies of soil make-up and gardens. Students adopt plants and learn how to care for them.

    • 1 unit/full year
    • Grades 10–12
    • Prerequisite: Living Environment

    Project Lead the Way: Principles of Biomedical Sciences

    Project Lead the Way students will learn the concepts of human medicine including topics such as genetics, microbiology, and disease. Students will act as Biomedical Professionals to determine the prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of disease, working collaboratively with other students to investigate and problem-solve the health challenges of the 21st century. Students will also investigate a variety of careers in biomedical sciences. Principles of Biomedical Sciences is the first course in a sequence of three classes offered by Project Lead the Way. The other two courses (Human Body Systems and Medical Interventions) offer students even more hands-on experiences with careers in the Biomedical Field. Enrollment meant for 9th–10th graders who can continue to next classes.

    • 1 unit/1 full year
    • Grades 9–12
    • Prerequisite: Living Environment and Algebra 

    Project Lead the Way: Human Body Systems (HBS)

    Students examine the interactions of human body systems as they explore identity, power, movement, protection, and homeostasis. Students design experiments, investigate the structures and functions of the human body, and use data acquisition software to monitor body functions such as muscle movement, reflex and voluntary action, and respiration. Exploring science in action, students build organs and tissues on a skeletal manikin, work through interesting real world cases and often play the roles of biomedical professionals to solve medical mysteries.

    • 1 unit/1 full year
    • Grades 10–12
    • Prerequisite: Project Lead the Way: Principles of Biomedical Sciences

    Project Lead the Way: Medical Interventions

    Students follow the life of a fictitious family as they investigate how to prevent, diagnose, and treat disease. Students explore how to detect and fight infection; screen and evaluate the code in human DNA; evaluate cancer treatment options; and prevail when the organs of the body begin to fail. Through real-world cases, students are exposed to a range of interventions related to immunology, surgery, genetics, pharmacology, medical devices, and diagnostics.

    • 1 unit/1 full year
    • Grades 11–12
    • Prerequisite: Project Lead the Way: Human Body Systems

    Earth Science Regents

    This Regents course covers observation and measurement of environment, measurement of earth, earth motions, energy and earth process, erosion, deposition, rocks, earth’s crust, and landscape development. There are stringent lab requirements. The final exam is the NY State Earth Science Regents.

    • 1 unit/full year
    • Grades 9–12

    Astronomy

    Astronomy is one of the oldest sciences and the universe is vast and ever-changing. This course is a survey of modern astronomy introducing topics from our solar system and other planetary systems, galaxies, the evolution of stars, and the methods and technology used to explore planetary and stellar processes. Upon completion, students should be able to demonstrate a general understanding of the solar system and beyond.

    • ½ unit/1 semester
    • Grades 11–12
    • Prerequisite: Earth Science class or co-requisite

    Climate Change and Human Sustainability                                                                                   

    This course will explore the topics of climate change and human impacts including natural resources, natural hazards, human impacts on Earth systems, and global climate change.  This will lead to the essential topic of environmental impacts of human activities.  Engagement in engineering, technology, and mathematical skills, as well as the analysis of scientific data to examine and construct solutions for long-term human sustainability will be the final goal of the course.

    • 1/2 unit/semester
    • Grades 11-12
    • Prerequisite:  Earth Science

    Meteorology

    Meteorology is defined as the study of the atmosphere, as well as, the weather, which is caused due to the movement of air on the surface of the earth. This course in Meteorology introduces the study of the weather. Students studying Meteorology will gain an understanding and awareness of the complexity and inter-relatedness of processes that affect the atmosphere, and how these atmosphere processes interact with the oceans to affect the weather and climate of the entire planet.

    Atmospheric properties and processes control global/local temperature, wind, precipitation, and storm systems. This course will enable students to gain a greater understanding of recent and past meteorological related events. These events include but are not limited to: global climate change, hurricanes, tornadoes, severe thunderstorms, and volcanic eruptions. The study of Meteorology is vastly important because it impacts so many aspects of our day to day lives. Meteorology applies in many diverse fields including military, energy production, transport, agriculture and construction.

    • ½ unit/1 semester
    • Grades 11–12
    • Prerequisite: Earth Science class or co-requisite

    AP Environmental Science

    Environmental science is an interdisciplinary science, primarily incorporating the fields of biology and earth science, with some emphasis in chemistry and physics. Environmental science focuses on the interaction between the biotic and abiotic factors of the environment. Students will study environmental issues from sociological, political, and scientific perspectives with the goal of understanding and improving the planet.

    • 1 unit/full year
    • Grades 11–12
    • Prerequisite: Passing Regents Living Environment and Regents Earth Science classes and exams or by instructor’s written approval

    Chemistry Science

    This course explores the structure and reactions of matter. Students learn about the nature of substances as well as the principles that regulate them. Additional topics may include water, air, and soil systems, forensics, or others that students may express an interest in. A working knowledge of mathematics, including basic algebra, is helpful for success. Laboratory activities and projects are an integral part of the course.

    • 1 unit/full year
    • Grades 10–12
    • Prerequisite: Students who have successfully completed or concurrently enrolled in Algebra.
    • Enrollment limit for this class is 20 students

    Chemistry Regents

    Regents Chemistry deals with such topics as atomic structure, matter and energy, reactions, organic compounds, and nuclear chemistry. There are frequent demonstrations and activities in class. Laboratory experiments are an integral part of this course with stringent laboratory participation requirements. The final exam is the NY State Regents Examination in Physical Setting/Chemistry. Students must have their own non-programmable calculator for this course.

    • 1 unit/full year
    • Grades 10–12
    • Prerequisite: Students must have taken and passed Algebra and Geometry classes and exams.

    AP Chemistry

    A college-level chemistry course, AP students can potentially earn college credit by scoring well on the AP Chemistry Exam.

    This course is extremely rigorous and goes into much greater depth on most topics covered in Regents Chemistry. This course is extremely rigorous and goes into much greater depth on most topics covered in Regents Chemistry.  The course is designed to be taken after successful completion of Regents Chemistry. Students meet five periods during the 4-day cycle. The 2-hour lab is an important part of this course. The course concludes with the AP Examination in Chemistry. Students who have completed the course in Regents Chemistry may take this course for Advanced Placement preparation, but the course cannot be used towards a science sequence.

    • 1 unit/full year
    • Grades 11–12
    • Prerequisite: Regents Chemistry, Geometry, and/or Instructor’s Permission.

    Organic Chemistry

    Organic chemistry introduces students to the chemistry of carbon compounds. Emphasis is on naming and reactions of hydrocarbons, aromatic compounds, alcohols, aldehydes, ketones, carboxylic acids, ethers, esters, and natural organic compounds. Biochemistry, coordination chemistry, and nuclear chemistry may also be covered. The reactions, techniques, and procedures learned will be applied in the lab exercises integrated into the 5 classes per week schedule at various points during the course. We will also focus on the development of specific organic chemistry laboratory skills such as determining melting and boiling points and separation techniques. This course is recommended for those considering a career in chemistry, biology, medicine, pharmacy or any health related field.

    • ½ unit/1 semester
    • Grades 11–12
    • Prerequisite: Living Environment and Chemistry Regents

    Fundamentals of Human Anatomy and Physiology

    Gemini Course

    This course will build on information learned in Living Environment, focusing specifically on human anatomy and physiology.  Through lecture, labs, and activities, students will review human anatomy and increase their knowledge of how the human body works.  The areas covered will include terminology, basic chemistry, cell and tissue structure, and the 11 systems of the human body (integumentary, skeletal, muscular, nervous, endocrine, circulatory, lymphatic, digestive, respiratory, urinary and reproductive).

    • 3 FLCC credits
    • 1 unit / full year
    • Grades 11–12
    • Prerequisite: Living Environment and Chemistry Regents or Instructor’s Permission

    Food Science

    Food Science is designed to reinforce and enhance the student’s knowledge of scientific principles and processes through the study of foods and nutrition.  An in-depth understanding of science as it applies to foods will assist students with interest in career and technical education, to understand the food industry as well as food preparation in their daily lives.  Whenever possible, students should be in involved in hands-on laboratory activities which verify the scientific concepts presented.

    • 1 unit/full year
    • Grades 10-12
    • Prerequisite:  Food & Nutrition

    Fundamentals of Human Anatomy and Physiology

    Gemini Course

    This course will build on information learned in Living Environment, focusing specifically on human anatomy and physiology.  Through lecture, labs, and activities, students will review human anatomy and increase their knowledge of how the human body works.  The areas covered will include terminology, basic chemistry, cell and tissue structure, and the 11 systems of the human body (integumentary, skeletal, muscular, nervous, endocrine, circulatory, lymphatic, digestive, respiratory, urinary and reproductive).

    • 1 unit/full year
    • Grades 11-12
    • Prerequisite:  Living Environment and Chemistry Regents or Instructor's Permission

    AP Biology (BIO 121/122)

    A college level biology course, this program covers the major fields of biology that may give a student credit toward graduation from most colleges in the country. The course ends in the Advanced Placement Biology Examination. It meets five periods during the 4-day schedule cycle. Students who have completed the Regents course in Living Environment may take this course for Advanced Placement preparation, but then the course cannot be used towards a science sequence. This course will be offered depending on enrollment and availability.

    • 8 FLCC credits / students must register for Gemini for BOTH semesters
    • 1 unit/full year
    • Grades 11–12
    • Prerequisite: Living Environment Regents and Chemistry Regents or Instructor’s Permission

    Conceptual Physics

    Do you want to be able to explain how a roller coaster works? Better yet, do you want to spend class time building one? Do you want to be able to explain how a speaker works? How about building your own? If so, this course may be for you. Conceptual physics is a lesser mathematical approach to teaching physics that is meant to make connections between the concepts of physics and students’ everyday life. Much of the coursework will be laboratory and project based. Experiments and projects will serve to enhance and consolidate the understanding of basic physical principles and their applications. Topics include mechanics (kinematics, Newton’s Laws, momentum, and energy), electricity and magnetism, and waves.

    • 1 unit/full year
    • Grades 11–12
    • Prerequisite: Regents Algebra and Regents Living Environment.

    Physics Regents

    This course develops concepts about matter and energy and explains the basics of the quantitative relationships by which we describe the behavior of matter and energy. Labs are an integral part of this course with stringent laboratory participation requirements. The final examination is the NY State Physics Regents.

    • 1 unit/full year
    • Grades 11–12
    • Prerequisite: Geometry and Regents exam

    AP Physics 1

    This algebra based course is meant as a first year physics course for students interested in pursuing a career in science, engineering, or medicine. Students may also take this course as a follow up to Regents Physics. Topics of this course include one and two dimensional motion, force, momentum, energy, rotational motion, oscillations, mechanical waves, and simple electric circuits. Students meet six periods during the four day cycle. Students will prepare to take the AP Physics 1 exam.

    • 1 unit/full year
    • Grades 11–12
    • Prerequisite: Algebra 2

    AP Physics C: Mechanics + Electricity and Magnetism

    This calculus based course is meant as a second year physics course for students interested in pursuing a career in science and engineering.  This course takes a more advanced look at the topics covered in Regents Physics and AP Physics 1.  Students meet six periods during the four day cycle.  Students will prepare to take the AP Physics C:  Mechanics exam and AP Physics C:  Electricity and Magnetism exam.

    • 1 unit/full year
    • Grades 11–12
    • Prerequisite: Physics Regents or AP Physics 1 and AP Calc AB (may be taken concurrently with AP Calc AB)