Unit 17B - Communism in China

  • Review Unit #17B: Communism in China/Other Areas


    The Chinese Republic:    

    • the government of China before communism came to power  
    • it had replaced the dynasties in China (they were letting too many foreigners in)
    • it was begun by Sun Yixian  After he died, Jaing Jieshi replaced him as head of the Nationalists

    Rise of Communism;

    • Communism was attractive to the peasant classes (the same as in Russia!)
    • Communism in China was led by Mao Zedong
    • The Nationalists defended their rule from the Communists in the Chinese Civil War
    • Mao led the Communists on The Long March
      1. to train as fighters   
      2. to learn Communism    
      3. to recruit supporters
    • the war stopped as Japan invaded during WWII  after, Communists win (peasant support)
    • China became Communist (People’s Republic of China) the Nationalists fled to Taiwan

    Mao’s China:

    • Great Leap Forward:  Mao’s attempt to improve the economy in China  it failed
    • Cultural Revolution:  Mao’s attempt to strengthen Communism in China  it failed
      (Red Guard [Student supporters], Little Red Book, anti-intellectuals)

    Deng’s China:

    • Deng Xiaoping replaced Mao Zedong  -  he saw China needed to change from Mao’s strict ways to survive
    • Deng introduced economic reforms  but NOT political changes
      • allow some private ownership (capitalism)     
      • some foreign companies in China
    • Deng crushed a student demonstration against Communism in Tiananmen Square

    Recent China:  

    • today China is run by Hu Jintao (2003)
    • Hong Kong was given back to China from Great Britain in 1997 (it’s capitalist ways influence China)
    • a major focus of China is to reduce the population growth rate (they try to limit families to 1 child)



    • North was Communist – South was not
    • Korean War: North invaded the South
    • South supported by the United Nations
    • neither side won (stalemate)


    • Vietnam had been a French colonial possession 
    • Under Ho Chi Minh the French were driven out
    • The French divided Vietnam before they left:  North was communist—South not
    • the South was supported by the United States—unsuccessfully. North won


    • had been a Spanish colony—turned over to the U.S. after Spanish American War—became an American play land (1950’s)
    • &Communist rebels led by Fidel Castro took over and made Cuba communist (1959)
    • Cuban Missile Crisis: Soviets put nuclear missiles in Cuba (1962) America demanded their removal
    • the closest the world has come to a nuclear war  (US vs. USSR)
    • Fidel Castro still runs communist Cuba—its failing economy leads some to believe communism may not last there