Historical Thinking Skills

  • History is a sophisticated quest for meaning about the past, beyond the effort to collect information. Historical analysis requires familiarity with a great deal of information, including names, chronology, facts, and events.  Without reliable and detailed information, historical thinking is not possible. Yet historical analysis involves much more than the compilation and recall of data; it also requires several distinctive historical thinking skills.


    1. Crafting Historical Arguments from Historical Evidence
      • Historical Argumentation 
      • Appropriate Use of Relevant Historical Evidence
    2. Chronological Reasoning Historical Causation
      • Patterns of Change and Continuity Over Time
      • Periodization
    3. Comparison and Contextualization Comparison
      • Contextualization
    4. Historical Interpretation and Synthesis Interpretation
      • Synthesis